20th Century Europe

The 20th century in Europe stands as an epoch of profound transformation, marked by tumultuous events that reshaped the continent's political, social, and cultural landscape. From the devastation of two world wars to the ideological struggles of the Cold War, Europe experienced unprecedented upheaval. Rapid industrialization, technological advancements, and shifting geopolitical alliances further characterized this era. The century witnessed the rise and fall of empires, the emergence of new nation-states, and the struggles for democracy and human rights. This period's complexities and legacies continue to shape contemporary European identity and global geopolitics.