Nuclear Decay

Nuclear decay, a fundamental process in nuclear physics, describes the spontaneous transformation of unstable atomic nuclei into more stable configurations. This phenomenon involves the emission of various particles or electromagnetic radiation from the nucleus, altering its composition and releasing energy in the process. Understanding nuclear decay is crucial in fields ranging from medicine, where it's utilized in imaging and therapy, to energy production, where it plays a significant role in nuclear reactors. By unraveling the principles governing nuclear decay, scientists have unlocked insights into the behavior of matter at its most fundamental level, with far-reaching implications across diverse scientific disciplines.