Covalent Bonds

Covalent bonds are fundamental to understanding molecular structures and chemical reactions. Unlike ionic bonds, which involve the transfer of electrons, covalent bonds form when atoms share electrons to achieve stability. This sharing creates strong bonds that hold molecules together, contributing to the vast diversity of compounds found in nature and synthesized in laboratories. Understanding the nature of covalent bonds is crucial in fields ranging from organic chemistry to materials science, as it underpins the behavior and properties of countless substances, from simple diatomic molecules to complex polymers.