What is Calculus?

Calculus is a branch of mathematics that explores the concepts of change and motion. Developed independently by Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz in the late 17th century, calculus provides a framework for understanding how quantities change and interact. It consists of differential calculus, which focuses on rates of change and slopes, and integral calculus, which deals with accumulation and the concept of area under curves. Widely applied in physics, engineering, economics, and various scientific disciplines, calculus serves as a powerful tool for modeling and solving problems related to dynamic systems and continuous change.