What is a proxy war and give two examples of them during the cold war?

Answer 1

It is a war where one or more nations (usually superpowers) utilize other nations as a substitute to fight in their stead.

During the Cold War period it was very risky for the two superpowers, the US and USSR, to fight openly one against the other because of the risk of mutual annihilation from Nuclear Warfare. Instead of fighting face to face and risk extinction the two superpowers tended to use other nations as pawns in a very complicated chess game to fight and try to undermine as much as possible the other. Two examples of this type of conflict are the Vietnam War and the War in Afghanistan.

During the Vietnam War the US was fighting alongside the South Vietnamese Forces against the North. The USSR was supporting the North that without this support would have been beaten almost certainly. With the withdrawal of the US from the South and the fall of Saigon to the communist forces of the north the USSR indirectly won a big victory against the US undermining their confidence and prestige.

In Afghanistan we have a reversal of the previous scenario; the US was supporting the "rebels" while the USSR was supporting and fighting alongside the governmental forces. The USSR spent a lot of money and lost a lot of lives to no avail and the situation was so bad that some authors take the fiasco in Afghanistan as one of the reasons of the fall of the Soviet regime.

In both cases there was no direct confrontation between US and Soviet forces but nevertheless the two nations were fighting each other through the support they were giving to other armies/nations.

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Answer 2

A proxy war is a conflict where two opposing countries or factions support combatants that serve their interests instead of directly engaging in battle themselves. This indirect involvement allows the supporting nations to advance their agendas without risking direct confrontation.

During the Cold War, two prominent examples of proxy wars include:

  1. Korean War (1950-1953): The Korean War was fought between North Korea, supported by China and the Soviet Union, and South Korea, backed by the United States and other Western allies. It served as a battleground for the ideological struggle between communism and capitalism, with the Soviet Union and China supporting the communist regime in North Korea, while the United States and its allies supported the democratic government in South Korea.

  2. Vietnam War (1955-1975): The Vietnam War was a protracted conflict between North Vietnam, supported by the Soviet Union and China, and South Vietnam, supported by the United States and its allies. The conflict stemmed from the Cold War rivalry between the communist bloc and the Western powers. North Vietnam sought to unify the country under communist rule, while South Vietnam aimed to maintain its independence and resist communist expansion. The United States provided extensive military and financial aid to South Vietnam, while the Soviet Union and China supported the communist forces in the North.

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Answer from HIX Tutor

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

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