How do you use differentials to estimate the value of #cos(63)#?

Answer 1

Approximating by differential = linear approximation = use the tangent line at a nearby point.

Answering This Question I will assume that you want to approximate #cos(63^@)# rather than cosine of 63 radians (or cosine of the number 63).

At some point, either before we begin or within the functions we use, we'll have to change to radian measure. (Really we change to numbers.

Taking #y=cosx#, we approximate:
#cos(63^@)~~cos(60^@)+dy#
#dy=-sin(pi/3)dx=-sqrt(3)/2dx#
#dx=63^@-60^@=3^@=3(pi/180) =pi/60# (You could call the last 2 "radians", but I won't.)
So #dy=-sqrt(3)/2 pi/60=-(pi sqrt3)/120#
And #cos(63^@)~~cos(60^@)+dy#
#cos(63^@)~~1/2+(-(pi sqrt3)/120)#
More General: I find the ideas more clear if we think about linear approximation, which is just approximating by a tangent line. We have #y=f(x)#, and we note that #f(x)=f(a)+Deltay#.
The linear (differential) approximation of #f(x)# near #a# is: #f(x)~~f(a)+f'(a)(x-a)#, or
#f(x)~~f(a)+f'(a)dx=f(a)+dy#
(This is the equation of the line tangent to the graph of the function at the point #(a, f(a))#.)
We are approximating #Deltay# by using the change along the tangent (which is #dy#) to approximate the change on the graph of the function (which is #Deltay#).
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Answer 2

You can use differentials to estimate the value of ( \cos(63^\circ) ) by considering a small change in the angle, let's say ( d\theta ), and approximating ( \cos(63^\circ) ) as ( \cos(60^\circ + d\theta) ) since ( 63^\circ = 60^\circ + 3^\circ ). Then, you can use the differential ( d\cos(\theta) = -\sin(\theta) , d\theta ) to estimate ( \cos(63^\circ) ) based on the value of ( \sin(60^\circ) ).

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Answer from HIX Tutor

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

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