# How do you prove the statement lim as x approaches 4 for #(7 – 3x) = -5# using the epsilon and delta definition?

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Proof

Take note that we utilized the fact that near the middle, without mentioning it.

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To prove the statement lim as x approaches 4 for (7 – 3x) = -5 using the epsilon and delta definition, we need to show that for any given epsilon greater than 0, there exists a delta greater than 0 such that if 0 < |x - 4| < delta, then |(7 – 3x) - (-5)| < epsilon.

Let's proceed with the proof:

Given epsilon > 0, we need to find a suitable delta > 0.

| (7 – 3x) - (-5) | = | 7 - 3x + 5 | = | 12 - 3x |

To ensure that | (7 – 3x) - (-5) | < epsilon, we can set up the following inequality:

| 12 - 3x | < epsilon

Now, we can manipulate the inequality to isolate x:

-epsilon < 12 - 3x < epsilon

Subtracting 12 from all parts of the inequality:

-epsilon - 12 < -3x < epsilon - 12

Dividing all parts of the inequality by -3 (since -3 is negative, the inequality direction changes):

(epsilon + 12) / 3 > x > (12 - epsilon) / 3

Let delta = min((epsilon + 12) / 3, (12 - epsilon) / 3)

Now, if 0 < |x - 4| < delta, we can substitute the value of delta:

0 < |x - 4| < min((epsilon + 12) / 3, (12 - epsilon) / 3)

Since delta is positive, we can multiply all parts of the inequality by 3:

0 < 3|x - 4| < min(epsilon + 12, 12 - epsilon)

Since epsilon is positive, we can simplify the inequality:

0 < 3|x - 4| < epsilon + 12

Now, we can divide all parts of the inequality by 3:

0 < |x - 4| < (epsilon + 12) / 3

Therefore, we have shown that for any given epsilon > 0, there exists a delta > 0 (specifically, delta = min((epsilon + 12) / 3, (12 - epsilon) / 3)) such that if 0 < |x - 4| < delta, then |(7 – 3x) - (-5)| < epsilon. This satisfies the epsilon and delta definition, proving the statement lim as x approaches 4 for (7 – 3x) = -5.

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When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

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