# Consider the equation #X(g) + en ergy -> X^+ + e^-#. What does the "energy" represent in this equation?

The energy required to separate charged particles.

Clearly, an ATTRACTIVE electrostatic force exists between the charged particles. The energy required to separate the charged particles is represented in the equation.

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In the given equation, "energy" represents the energy required to ionize the atom X, i.e., to remove an electron from the neutral atom X to form the X^+ ion.

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When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

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