# Britney is 5 feet tall and casts a 3 1/2 -foot shadow at 10:00 A.M. At that time, a nearby tree casts a 17-foot shadow. Two hours later, Britney's shadow is 2 feet long. What is the length of the shadow of the tree at this time?

The tree is (approximately) 9.71 feet tall at noon.

They key to solving this question is finding the pieces of information that (a) give us 3 of these 4 values and (b) also let us use this relation to find the 4th.

What we have:

The box marks what we want to solve for.

We need to use the "12:00 shadow" info, because it has the value we want to solve for. We can not use the height info, because it also has missing data. (We can only solve for the 4th missing piece if we have 3 of the 4 parts of the equation.)

Thus, we will use the "12:00 shadow" and the "10:00 shadow" information. We set up the ratio like this:

Cross-multiply:

Divide both sides by 3.5 ft:

Simplifying the right hand side gives:

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To find the length of the shadow of the tree two hours later, we first need to determine the rate at which Britney's shadow is changing.

Given that Britney is 5 feet tall and her shadow is 3.5 feet at 10:00 A.M., we can set up a proportion to find her shadow length at 12:00 P.M. (two hours later):

[\frac{\text{Height of Britney}}{\text{Length of Britney's shadow at 10:00 A.M.}} = \frac{\text{Height of Britney}}{\text{Length of Britney's shadow at 12:00 P.M.}}]

So, (5 \div 3.5 = \text{Height of Britney} \div \text{Length of Britney's shadow at 12:00 P.M.}).

This gives us the ratio of Britney's height to the length of her shadow at 12:00 P.M.

Once we have this ratio, we can use it to find the length of the tree's shadow at 12:00 P.M. Since we know the height of the tree and the length of its shadow at 10:00 A.M., we can set up another proportion:

[\frac{\text{Height of the tree}}{\text{Length of the tree's shadow at 10:00 A.M.}} = \frac{\text{Height of Britney}}{\text{Length of Britney's shadow at 12:00 P.M.}}]

By solving this proportion, we can find the length of the tree's shadow at 12:00 P.M.

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When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

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