# What is the general solution of the differential equation ? # sec^2y dy/dx+tany=x^3 #

# y = arctan(x^3-3x^2+6x-6 + ce^(-x)) #

We have:

Let us try a substitution:

And by the chain rule, we have:

Substituting into the DE [A] we get:

We can use an integrating factor when we have a First Order Linear non-homogeneous Ordinary Differential Equation of the form;

Then the integrating factor is given by;

Which is now a separable DE, so we can separate the variables to get:

For the RHS integral we could apply Integration By Parts three times. Each application will reduce the the power of the cubic whilst leaving the exponential unchanged. Given this we know that the solution to the integral will be of the form:

Equating coefficients we get:

Thus we have:

Using this result we can now integrate [C] to get:

Then if we restore our earlier substitution, we get:

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The general solution of the differential equation (\sec^2(y) \frac{dy}{dx} + \tan(y) = x^3) is (y(x) = \arcsin\left(\frac{x^4}{4} + C), where (C) is the constant of integration.

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When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

When evaluating a one-sided limit, you need to be careful when a quantity is approaching zero since its sign is different depending on which way it is approaching zero from. Let us look at some examples.

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